University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice
Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters
South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses diverzity hydrocenóz

Zátiší 728/II, 389 25 Vodňany
tel.: +420 387 774 666 fax: 387 774 634

Director of the Center: Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Otomar Linhart, D.Sc. +420 38777 4600 +420 724 357 897
Deputy Director of the Center: Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Pavel Kozák, Ph.D. +420 38777 4603 +420 724 504 921
Manager of the Center: Dipl.-Ing. Martin Vlček +420 38777 4663 +420 601 377 639
Manager of the Center: Dipl.-Ing. Michal Hojdekr, MBA +420 38777 4663 +420 725 391 382


Research programs (RP) CENAKVA

14 61 cenakva gen 05   14 61 cenakva gen 15   14 61 cenakva gen 03   14 61 cenakva gen 09
Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Martin Flajšhans, Dr. rer. agr.   Assoc. Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Tomáš Randák Ph.D.   Dipl.-Ing. Jan Mráz, Ph.D.   Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Pavel Kozák, Ph.D.      
+420 387 774 608   +420 387 774 756   +420 387 774 643   +420 387 77 4603
+420 724 233 542   +420 721 855 763   +420 737 221 913   +420 724 504 921
The mission of the faculty research program is using a multidisciplinary approach within CENKAVA based on the increasing know-how of the research team, its instrumental and experimental facilities and intensive cooperation with the research and application sector, including state administration in the Czech Republic and abroad. Our research contribute significantly to
• Increase of knowledge in the field of freshwater aquaculture and water protection,
• improving water quality and protection of aquatic environment,
• biodiversity conservation,
• progress in development of sustainable freshwater aquaculture, in order to suply quality food for growing human population, with minimal water and energy consumption and minimal waste production.

The main scientific objective of the center is to fully understand the ongoing processes in freshwater ecosystems and their societal importance with the respect to the conservation of biodiversity, protection of water environment, and also the protection of water resources for life and human activity.

Our current strategy is to group professionally close laboratories and workplaces of the faculty, regardless of the location from 2017. The research center CENKAVA will serve as an umbrella for four key research programmes (RP). We believe that such revision (including reduction of RP number) will help to improve an internationally recognized basic, applied and target research focusing on water and aquaculture:
• RP 1 Reproductive and genetic methods for aquaculture and conservation of fish biodiversity.
• RP 2 „New„ pollutants in environment and their impact on freshwater ecosystems.
• RP 3 Long-term sustainable aquaculture with responsible management of water and nutrients.
• RP4 Biology in changing conditions of freshwater ecosystems.
Establishment of the research infrastructure is linked to the beginning of the year 2010 and the start of activities of the South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses (CENAKVA) that was developed with support from the Operational Programme Research and Development for Innovation (CZK 273 mil. - CZ.1.05/2.1.00/01.0024). In the same year, the center was closely integrated within the organizational structure of the University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice (USB), namely the Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters (FFPW USB). During the years 2010 - 2012 the modern infrastructure developed including appropriate equipment and the necessary human resources. The full operation of the newly established research infrastructure began in 2012. The main mission of the CENAKVA is to engage in the highest quality science, research and applications required for development of fisheries, aquaculture and sustainable management of freshwater systems - we are about to initiate the construction and renovation buildings of the center (The main building of the FFPW USB, Genetic Fisheries Center, Experimental Fish Culture and Facility incl. trough rearing). In 2013, full utilization of the infrastructural capacity was attained, respectively pilot launch = full operation of the R & D instrumentation, newly created jobs, accreditation of laboratories etc. In the year 2014, the RI received support from the state budget, specifically from the the National Sustainability Programme (NPU I) with a total of about CZK 124 millions for the fulfillment of defined objectives - to comprehensively understand the ongoing processes in freshwater ecosystems and their societal importance with the respect to conservation of biodiversity and protection of water environment, but also the protection of water resources for life and human activity. The CENAKVA is at this time perceived as a unique structure in Europe, having excellent scientists, academics, post-docs, students, administrators and technicians. The center flexibly responds to the societal changes in science, scientific content and applications through its human resources. In the context of the international dimension the RI appointed advisory bodies in the year 2015 (also, completing the first international evaluation) – The International Scientific Advisory Board of the FFPW USB and CENAKVA (SAB) and the Control Board of CENAKVA. To 1.1.2017, about 166 emplees were involved in CENAKVA.
Activities of CENAKVA are solved in cooperation with research centers and organizations in the CR and Europe, which use our unique background since the establishment of the center. Specifically, the CENAKVA center has conducted contractually agreed cooperation and sharing of infrastructures with large centers in the Czech Republic in 2013-15; for example, with CEITEC and BIOCEV and with centers in regions, with the Haná center, ADMIREVET and ALGATECH. Since its establishment, CENAKVA has been interconnected within Europe and by a consortium of 22 research institutes and faculties in Europe, focusing on fisheries and water protection in the network under the name AQUAEXCEL and with our participation in the ESFRI ELIXIR, EMBRC and Danubius-RI. The center has created strong international strategic partnerships and has supported a specific commercial activity by licensing and patents in order to achieve efficient innovations. Commercially, the center fullfils indicators of contractual research at the level of about CZK 10 mil. /year in cooperation with partners in the Czech Republic and the EU. It is the part of six research consortia in the framework of EU projects, which are involved in the budget of the center with average of CZK 12 mil. /year.
The RI would not be considered as one of the biggest centers in its size, but it excels in its importance, activity, individuality and ambition. The evidence of the significance of this infrastructure is its current position among the other centers, and in particular, clearly quantifiable cost ratio for the establishment/operation vs. achieved outcomes and their quality. The infrastructure can be described as the leader among centers constructed within the OP RDI (incl. the excellent, i.e. with the cost of billions invested CZK - according to the number of outputs in the Web of Science + citations in the year 2015, the center is in 5th place out of 45 centers, while the investment cost are among the smallest), the quality of education (first place in the survey "Best universities" of the magazine “Týden” in the category of science, high employability).

The main experimental technological background of CENAKVA includes workplaces in Vodňany, České Budějovice and Nové Hrady. The two core workplaces in Vodňany includes the Genetic Fisheries Center and the Experimental Fish Culture and the Facility with specialized aquarium and aquaponic technologies. Workplaces together with specialized technologies provides the capability to conduct complex experiments under controlled conditions according to the needs of the research teams’ experimental designs. From the outside water areas within Vodňany, we farm about 40 hectares of ponds with breeding of 23 species of freshwater fishes of all ages including about 250,000 pieces (45 t) and 12 crayfish species. For example, we breed and maintain 21 breeds, lines and hybrids populations of common carp (Cyprinus carpio), 11 breeds and color varieties of tench (Tinca tinca), 2 breeds and an albino form of catfish (Silurus glanis). We are proud to have successfully bred in the past few years 10 species of globally threatened cartilaginous fish, particularly sturgeon. We started their breeding in the year 2001. We use a total of 71 of our ponds from 0.01 to 12 ha of water surface and we stock fish in another 50 ha under lease agreements. For intensive aquaculture, we have built 3200 m2 of various fish breeding halls and aquarium rooms with 18 thermally controlled recirculating low-waste systems of nearly 82 m3 capacity. We also have outdoor or flow-through breeding troughs and pools for seasonal breeding of fish and crayfish with a total volume of 260 m3. These unique conditions for monitored and controlled aquaculture are on a similar scale to those which can be found only in Norway and Spain, but with a different focus; these are equipped with the necessary instrumentation to connect to four research programs (RP 1 – RP 4).
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